Plastic materials have become a key material in our daily life and its attributes such as high durability, sustainability, versatility, and flexibility have made it so popular. But as we all know the harm that plastic causes to nature is pretty difficult to recover.
It is made up of polymer that is rejected as a waste material that potentially harms the environmental sustainability. Synthetic organic materials that are produced by polymerization, constitutes as the thermoplastics, which gives them their ‘strength’ property. Thermal cracking, or pyrolysis, is a very traditional method used for the degradation of waste plastic material. It decomposes the material by heating it in the absence of oxygen. However, technology has found some ways for recycling waste plastics and converting them into liquid hydrocarbons that can be used as a fuel. Also, the gas fuel is produced with the thermal treatment of waste plastic material that undergoes a thermal decomposition in a tank reactor.
Today, plastic waste degradation has been developed as a new spectrum for the protection of environmental sustainability. As technology has found a solution by converting these substances into valuable energy resources with the help of thermal cracking, chemical depolymerization, hydrogenation, gasification, and other catalytic conversions, we must also understand our responsibility to use plastic consciously.