The policy of the government for procurement of food grains has some broad aims of ensuring Minimum Support Prices (MSP) to the farmers and accessibility of food grains to the weaker sections at reasonable prices. It also guarantees the operational market intrusion thereby keeping the prices under check and also counting it as a part of the whole food security of the country.
While harvesting each crop in the Rabi or Kharif season, the Government of India publicizes the MSP for obtaining on the basis of the reference of the Commission of Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP) which along with the other factors, takes into consideration the cost of numerous agricultural inputs and the reasonable margin for the farmers for their produce.
The government of Uttar Pradesh has eased the norms of e-procurement of paddy from small and marginal farmers and has allowed them to sell up to 100 quintals of the commodity without any verification of crop and land details. This is being done to upsurge the procurement up to 25 quintals from small farmers and 50 quintals from marginal farmers, who were not allowed without going through the verification procedure. One of the officials said, “Verification of a large number of farmers had shown that many have grown crops other than paddy”.
In offline mode, paddy is usually purchased through e-procurement in Uttar Pradesh where the farmers are entitled to fill in the details of the land area and the zone under paddy. This year, crop procurement has been lethargic due to the factors such as issues related to moisture content, agitation by millers and farmers turning to private traders as they are being turned away by employees of state procurement agencies.